Sash: The frame that holds the glass in a window, often the movable
part of the window. see.. double hung windows, and casement windows.
Asphalt used to impregnate a felt-base material.
An underlayment, or water-resistant layer, put down
beneath shingles and made of felt impregnated with asphalt.
Asphalt that has been combined with SBS
(styrene-butadiene-styrene) polymers to increase its elasticity.
Scupper: An opening for drainage in a wall, curb or parapet.
The drain in a downspout or flat roof, usually connected to
Shingles containing factory-applied strips or
spots of self-sealing adhesive.
Setback Thermostat: A thermostat with a clock which can be programmed
to various temperatures at different times of the day/week. Usually used as the heating or
cooling system thermostat.
Slight differences in shingle color that may occur as a
result of normal manufacturing operations.
A wood, usually cedar, roofing product which is produced by
splitting a block of the wood along the grain line. Modern shakes are sometimes machine
sawn on one side. See shingle.
Sheathing: Exterior-grade boards used as roof deck material.
A roof containing only one sloping plane. Has no hips,
ridges, valleys or gables.
A machine sawn wood, usually cedar, roofing and siding
product. see shake.
Single ply Roof: See Torch Down Roof
Siphoning: The suction or pulling
effect that takes place in the trap-way of a toilet as it is filled with outgoing
water and waste. An effective siphon is critical to an effective flush for any
break: The point in a toilet flush when air is re-introduced
into the trap way, "breaking" the siphoning action. The siphon break
is usually heard as a deep gurgling at the conclusion of a flush.
The normal base for shake, shingle and some tile
roofs. 1" x 4" or similar sized boards are nailed at 90 to the rafters
leaving a space of about 4" between each row and allowing for better ventilation.
Asphalt roofing that provides one layer of roofing
material over the deck.
Slab on Grade: A type of foundation with a concrete floor which is
placed directly on the soil. The edge of the slab is usually thicker and acts as the
footing for the walls. Common in California and 1940s and 50s concrete block home (see
The incline angle of a roof surface, given as a ratio of the
rise (in inches) to the run (in feet). See also pitch.
Roll roofing that is covered with ground
talc or mica instead of granules.
Soffit: The finished underside of the eaves. A small
ceiling like space, often out of doors, such as the underside of a roof overhang.
Specifications or Specs: A narrative list of materials, methods,
model numbers, colors, allowances, and other details which supplement the information
contained in the blue prints.
A pad which is placed under the lower end of a
downspout and diverts the water from the downspout away from the house. Usually made out
of concrete or fiberglass.
Standard Practices of the Trades: One of the more common basic and
minimum construction standards. This is another way of saying that the work should be done
in the way it is normally done by the average professional in the field.
Soil stack: - A vent pipe that penetrates the roof.
Span: The horizontal distance from eaves to eaves.
Specialty eaves flashing membrane: A self-adhering waterproofing
shingle underlayment designed to protect against water infiltration due to ice damage or
A unit of roof measure covering 100 square feet.
Shingles on which tabs are all the same size and
Asphalt roofing applied at the eaves that provides
protection by filling in the spaces under the cutouts and joints of the first course of
Method of installing asphalt shingles on
roof slopes greater than 21 inches per foot.
Flashing application method used where a vertical
surface meets a sloping roof plane.
Asphalt shingles that are approximately three times
as long as they are wide.
Supply stop: The valve providing on/off toilet water supply